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Miss Chen
01-22
Miss Chen
Description: This is a herbaceous perennial plant about 2½–5' tall. At its base, there is a rosette of arching basal leaves. These basal leaves are 10-20" long and ½–1¼" across; they are medium green to yellowish green, glabrous, linear in shape, entire (toothless) along their margins, and often folded upward along their midveins. Leaf venation is parallel. A few alternate leaves occur along the central stem of this plant; they are similar to the basal leaves, except smaller in size. The central stem is light green, terete, relatively stout, and unbranched; it is usually glabrous below and pubescent with curly hairs above. The central stem terminates in a panicle of flowers about ¾–2' long and about one-half as much across. The lateral primary branches of this inflorescence are ascending, but not erect; they are somewhat longer toward the bottom and center of the inflorescence. Similar to the upper central stem, these floral branches are light green, terete, relatively stout, and pubescent with curly hairs. At the base of each floral branch (including the pedicels), there is a linear-lanceolate bract up to ½" long that darkens and withers away with age. The pedicels (basal stalklets) of the flowers are about ¼–¾" long. Individual flowers are about ¾–1" across. Each flower has a white corolla with 6 spreading tepals, 6 stamens with white filaments, 3 white styles, and a light greenish yellow ovary. Individual tepals are lanceolate-oblong in shape, although they taper abruptly above their narrow bases. Just above their narrow bases, the tepals have 2 conspicuous glands that are yellow, green, or yellowish green. These glands secrete nectar. With age, the corollas become green or brownish purple. The flowers are replaced by ovoid-lanceoloid seed capsules up to 18 mm. (2/3") long. These capsules divide into 3 parts to release their seeds; each capsule contains 12 or more seeds. Individual seeds are 5-8 mm. long and about one-half as much across; they are straw-colored and somewhat irregular in shape. The root system is fibrous, short-rhizomatous, and relatively shallow. Clonal offsets can develop from the short rhizomes.
Cultivation: The preference is full or partial sun, wet to moist conditions, and fertile soil. Some standing water is tolerated if it is temporary. Several years of development are required before individual plants begin to flower. Range & Habitat: The native Virginia Bunch-Flower occurs primarily in west-central Illinois, where it is rare and state-listed as 'threatened' (see Distribution Map). At one time, this plant was more common, but habitat destruction has resulted in population losses in several counties. In Illinois, habitats consist of damp prairies, especially along railroads, and wet ground along the bases of bluffs (these are often seeps). Outside of Illinois, Virginia Bunch-Flower has been found in open bottomland woodlands, damp meadows, swamps, marshes, fens, floating bogs, and roadside ditches. This conservative species is largely restricted to high quality habitats. To maintain populations of this plant within the state, cultivated plants should be used in prairie restorations.
Faunal Associations: Mostly flies and beetles visit the flowers of this plant, where they feed on the easy-to-access nectar, although some insect species may also feed on pollen. These floral visitors include Syrphid flies, Tachinid flies, blow flies (Lucilia spp.), Muscid flies, Anthomyiid flies, weevils, tumbling flower beetles, and flower scarab beetles. Some bees and wasps may also visit the flowers (Robertson, 1929). Because the foliage and roots of Virginia Bunch-Flower contain highly toxic alkaloids, they are not normally eaten by mammalian herbivores. This plant is especially poisonous to horses (Georgia, 1913).
Photographic Location: A prairie or sedge meadow at a nature preserve in Fayette County, Illinois. The photographs were taken by Keith & Patty Horn (Copyright © 2016). Comments: Another species in the same genus, Melanthium woodii (Wood's Bunch-Flower), is a woodland species with wider leaves and reddish brown (maroon) flowers. The tepals of its flowers do not abruptly contract near their bases. Because of these differences, it is relatively easy to distinguish Wood's Bunch-Flower from Virginia Bunch-Flower. While there are other white-flowered Melanthium spp., they do not occur in Illinois. Some taxonomists prefer to merge the Melanthium genus with the Veratrum genus. When this happens, Virginia Bunchflower is referred to as Veratrum virginicum. Some taxonomists have divided the Lily family (Liliaceae) into several families, assigning the Melanthium genus to the Bunchflower family (Melanthiaceae). When it is in full bloom, Virginia Bunchflower is very showy and attractive.
Description: This is a herbaceous perennial plant about 2½–5' tall. At its base, there is a rosette of arching basal leaves. These basal leaves are 10-20
Description: This is a herbaceous perennial plant about 2½–5' tall. At its base, there is a rosette of arching basal leaves. These basal leaves are 10-20
Description: This is a herbaceous perennial plant about 2½–5' tall. At its base, there is a rosette of arching basal leaves. These basal leaves are 10-20
Description: This is a herbaceous perennial plant about 2½–5' tall. At its base, there is a rosette of arching basal leaves. These basal leaves are 10-20
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Article
Miss Chen
01-22
Miss Chen
Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is 1-2' tall and more or less erect. Initially, it consists of a rosette of leaves that are rather angular and orbicular. Later, a central stem develops that is 4-angled and smooth. The opposite leaves are up to 5" long and ¾" across. They are lanceolate or narrowly ovate, and often fold upward along the length of the central vein. Their margins are usually smooth (although sometimes ciliate), and there are no hairs, except toward the base of each leaf. These leaves are sessile against the stem, or they have short petioles with a few coarse hairs. The uppermost leaves at the top of a plant are usually whorled. The underside of each leaf is light or whitish green, but eventually becomes darker with age. There are a few short side stems in the upper half of the plant. From 1-4 nodding flowers develop from the upper axils of the leaves, each with its own pedicel. Each flower is about ¾" across, with 5 narrowly triangular green sepals, 5 yellow petals, and 5 yellowish orange stamens. The petals are well-rounded, but their outer edges are often ragged and may have conspicuous tips. Toward the center of the flower, there is a patch of orange surrounding the upper portion of the pistil. The blooming period occurs from early to mid-summer and lasts about a month. There is no noticeable fragrance. The flowers are replaced by spheroid capsules with slender spike-like tips. A fully developed capsule is about the same heighth as the surrounding sepals. The root system consists of a taproot and rhizomes that form little plantlets. This plant often forms small colonies by means of vegetative reproduction.
Cultivation: The preference is partial to full sun, and moist to mesic conditions. This plant usually grows in a loam or clay-loam soil, but it can tolerate soil with sandy or rocky material as well. The foliage is rarely bothered by disease; occasionally insects nibble the edges of the leaves. Range & Habitat: The native Lance-Leaved Loosestrife occurs in most areas of Illinois, except for a few north-central counties and scattered counties elsewhere (see Distribution Map). Although widely distributed, it is an occasional plant. Habitats include moist to mesic black soil prairies, open woodlands, thickets, swamps, gravelly seeps, limestone glades, and old fields with hardpan clay or sandy soil. Faunal Associations: The flowers of the Lysimachia spp. (Yellow-Flowered Loosestrifes) are unusual in that they produce a floral oil, rather than nectar. Because of this, they attract the short-tongued Melittid bee, Macropsis steironematis. This oligolectic bee collects both the floral oil and pollen and forms a pollen-ball that becomes the food of its developing bee-larvae. Otherwise, the flowers attract few insects, except for the occasional visitor seeking pollen from the anthers. Information about Lance-Leaved Loosestrife's relation to birds and mammals does not appear to be readily accessible at the present time. Photographic Location: The photographs were taken at the Prospect Cemetery Prairie in Ford County, Illinois, where there was a small colony of plants growing in mesic black soil prairie. Comments: This plant would be more attractive to humans if the flowers did not hang downward. The nodding characteristic of some flowers is often a sign that the primary pollinators are bees, which are more willing to hang upside down on the protruding structures of a flower in order to obtain whatever food source they are seeking. This characteristic may also protect the nectar or floral oil from rainfall. Lance-Leaved Loosestrife can be distinguished from other loosestrifes primarily by its opposite leaves, which are sessile or have very short petioles. The height of the mature seed capsules is about the same as the height of the surrounding calyx segments, while in other Lysimachia spp. they are often unequal. The species Lysimachia hybrida, which used to be considered a variety of Lance-Leaved Loosestrife, has a similar appearance. However, Lysimachia hybrida is supposed to have somewhat longer petioles, somewhat broader leaves, and the undersides of its leaves are green rather than light or whitish green, even in younger leaves.
Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is 1-2' tall and more or less erect. Initially, it consists of a rosette of leaves that are rather angular and orbicular. Later, a central stem develops that is 4-angled and smooth. The opposite leaves are up to 5
Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is 1-2' tall and more or less erect. Initially, it consists of a rosette of leaves that are rather angular and orbicular. Later, a central stem develops that is 4-angled and smooth. The opposite leaves are up to 5
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Miss Chen
01-22
Miss Chen
Description: This perennial wildflower is 1-2½' tall and compactly branched. The stems are light green to reddish green, angular or terete, and canescent-hairy. Alternate compound leaves occur along the stems; individual leaves are palmate with 7-11 leaflets. Individual leaflets are 1-2½" long and oblanceolate in shape; their margins are smooth and ciliate. The upper surface of the leaflets is medium green and hairless, while the lower surface is pale green. Each compound leaf has a long ascending petiole about 1-4" long that is light green to reddish green. The stems, petioles, and leaf undersides are sparsely to moderately canescent-hairy. The upper stems terminate in narrow racemes of flowers about 4-10" long. The flowering stalks are light green to reddish purple. Individual flowers are about ¾" long, consisting of 5 blue-violet petals (rarely white or pink), a tubular calyx with large lobes, several stamens, and a pistil with a single style. The petals have a pea-like floral structure, consisting of a large upper banner and 2 wings that project forward to enclose the keel. The lateral edges of the banner fold backward from its center; as a flower ages, the center of the banner becomes more white. The calyx is light green to reddish purple. The slender pedicels of the flowers are up to ½" long. The flowering stalks, calyces, and pedicels are sparsely to moderately canescent-hairy. At the base of each flower, there is a linear-lanceolate floral bract that soon withers away. The blooming period occurs from late spring to early summer and lasts about 1 month for a colony of plants. Afterwards, the flowers are replaced by elongated seedpods about 1¼-2" long and canescent-hairy. Each seedpod contains about 7 seeds, which can be ejected several feet away from the mother plant. The root system consists of a taproot with rhizomes. Reproduction is by seed and vegetative clones from the rhizomes. Cultivation: The preference is full or partial sun, mesic to dry conditions, and an acidic soil containing sand or sandy loam. The root system can fix nitrogen into the soil. The seeds should be scarified to facilitate germination. Individual plants can be short-lived or long-lived, depending on environmental conditions. Range & Habitat: Wild Lupine is an uncommon native wildflower that is found in NE Illinois and other northern areas of the state (see Distribution Map). Because of habitat destruction and fire suppression, populations of this wildflower have declined. Habitats include sand prairies, openings in sandy woodlands, sandy savannas, edges of sandy woodlands, stabilized sand dunes, and powerline clearances in sandy areas. Dominant canopy trees in some of these habitats are either oaks (especially Black Oak) or pines.
Faunal Associations: The flowers are cross-pollinated primarily by honeybees, bumblebees, digger bees (Synhalonia spp.), Mason bees (Osmia spp.), and other long-tongued bees. Other floral visitors include Halictid bees and bee flies. Only pollen is available as a floral reward, which is forcibly ejected into the faces of such insect visitors. Occasionally, the Karner Blue and other butterflies visit the flowers, searching in vain for nectar. Several insects feed on the foliage and other parts of Wild Lupine. These insect feeders include caterpillars of the butterflies Lycaeides melissa samuelis (Karner Blue) and Callophrys irus (Frosted Elfin), and caterpillars of the skippers Erynnis baptisiae (Wild Indigo Duskywing) and Erynnis persius (Persius Duskywing). The caterpillars of several moths also feed on Wild Lupine: Caenurgina crassiuscula (Clover Looper), Grammia phyllira (Phyllira Tiger Moth), Grammia placentia (Placentia Tiger Moth), Utetheisa bella (Bella Moth), and Walshia miscecolorella (Sweet Clover Root Borer). Other insects feeders include Empoasca fabae (Potato Leafhopper), Hadronema militaris (Military Plant Bug), and seed-eating larvae of the weevil Apion minor. The foliage is toxic to sheep and horses, however deer, rabbits, and woodchucks occasionally browse on Wild Lupine.
Photographic Location: A wooded sand dune at the Indiana Dunes State Park in NW Indiana. Comments: This is the only lupine that is native to Illinois; species in this genus are more abundant in the western United States. Wild Lupine is readily distinguished from Baptisia spp. (Wild Indigos) and other similar species in the Bean family by the abundant leaflets of its palmate leaves (7-11 per leaf). Other similar species in Illinois have either trifoliate leaves (3 leaflets per compound leaf) or pinnate compound leaves. Both the flowers and foliage of Wild Lupine are quite attractive. Another common name of this species is Sundial Lupine, because the palmate leaves orient themselves in the direction of the sun.
Description: This perennial wildflower is 1-2½' tall and compactly branched. The stems are light green to reddish green, angular or terete, and canescent-hairy. Alternate compound leaves occur along the stems; individual leaves are palmate with 7-11 leaflets. Individual leaflets are 1-2½
Description: This perennial wildflower is 1-2½' tall and compactly branched. The stems are light green to reddish green, angular or terete, and canescent-hairy. Alternate compound leaves occur along the stems; individual leaves are palmate with 7-11 leaflets. Individual leaflets are 1-2½
Description: This perennial wildflower is 1-2½' tall and compactly branched. The stems are light green to reddish green, angular or terete, and canescent-hairy. Alternate compound leaves occur along the stems; individual leaves are palmate with 7-11 leaflets. Individual leaflets are 1-2½
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Article
Miss Chen
01-22
Miss Chen
Description: This perennial plant is ¾–2¼' tall and unbranched. It tends to be short-lived. The central stem is often ridged or angular near the inflorescence. The sessile alternate leaves occur primarily along the lower half of the stem, and are up to 3½" long and 1" across. They are usually lanceolate or narrowly ovate, but are sometimes wider at the tip than the base. Their margins often have widely spaced teeth, but are sometimes smooth. The inflorescence consists of a long spike of flowers about 3-12" in length. The flowers are light blue or white, and about 1/3" (8 mm.) across. Each flower has a smaller upper lip that is divided into 2 lobes, and a larger lower lip that is divided into 3 lobes. There is a purple or dark blue stigma that is strongly exerted from the upper part of the corolla tube, and bends downward at its tip. The base of the flower consists of a tubular calyx with 5 teeth. Sometimes tiny appendages (0-4 mm. in length) occur between the teeth of the calyx. The blooming period occurs during mid-summer and lasts about a month. There is no noticeable floral scent. Later in the year, the flowers are replaced by seedpods. The latter split open at the top, exposing numerous tiny seeds that are easily carried by occasional gusts of wind. The root system consists of a central taproot. Cultivation: The preference is full or partial sun and moist to slightly dry conditions. Growth is best when the soil is rich and loamy, but it can also be somewhat rocky. Some of the lower leaves may turn yellow and fall off the stem during a drought. There is also a tendency for this plant to flop over if it is spoiled with too much water or fertilizer and lacks adequate support from adajacent plants. It is necessary to keep the soil consistently moist in order to keep the small seedlings alive. Range & Habitat: The native Pale-Spiked Lobelia occurs occasionally in the majority of counties in Illinois, but it is less common or absent in the SE portion of the state (see Distribution Map). Habitats include moist to mesic black soil prairies, typical savannas and sandy savannas, moist meadows in woodlands or near rivers, thickets, bluffs, limestone glades, and abandoned fields. This is usually an understory plant whose inflorescence appears among the taller grasses and forbs. Faunal Associations: The flowers attract long-tongued bees primarily, including little carpenter bees (Ceratina spp.), miner bees (Melissodes spp.), mason bees (Osmia spp.), and leaf-cutting bees (Megachile spp.). Small butterflies and skippers also visit the flowers occasionally, which are probably less effective at pollination. All of these insects seek nectar. The leaves and stems contain a watery white latex that is toxic, therefore most mammalian herbivores are less likely to eat this plant than others. However, deer appear to be somewhat immune to the effects of the toxins in the foliage. The seeds are too small to be of any interest to birds.
Photographic Location: The photographs were taken at Loda Cemetery Prairie in Iroquois County, Illinois. Comments: With its smaller pale flowers, Pale-Spiked Lobelia is less showy than some of its better known relatives, such as Lobelia cardinalis (Cardinal Flower) and Lobelia siphilitica (Great Blue Lobelia), but it has better resistance to dry conditions after becoming established. The flowers of these species all share a similar structure, but vary considerably in their size and color. Another species in this genus with small flowers, Lobelia kalmii (Kalm's Lobelia), has more narrow leaves than Pale-Spiked Lobelia. Across different populations of Pale-Spike Lobelia, there is some variability in the color of the flowers, hairiness of the foliage, and the length of the tiny appendages between the calyx teeth.
Description: This perennial plant is ¾–2¼' tall and unbranched. It tends to be short-lived. The central stem is often ridged or angular near the inflorescence. The sessile alternate leaves occur primarily along the lower half of the stem, and are up to 3½
Description: This perennial plant is ¾–2¼' tall and unbranched. It tends to be short-lived. The central stem is often ridged or angular near the inflorescence. The sessile alternate leaves occur primarily along the lower half of the stem, and are up to 3½
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Miss Chen
01-22
Miss Chen
Description: This herbaceous perennial plant produces one or more unbranched stems from its root system; these stems are 4-14" long, erect to ascending, whitish green, terete, and densely covered with appressed hairs. Alternate leaves occur along the entire length of each stem; they are ¾–2½" long, 2-6 mm. across, linear-oblong in shape, entire (toothless) along their margins, and sessile. The leaf blades have a tendency to become larger in size as they ascend up the stems. The upper leaf surface is grayish green and more or less covered with appressed hairs, while the lower leaf surface is whitish green and densely covered with appressed hairs. The leaves have prominent central veins.
Each mature stem terminates in a cluster of nearly sessile flowers. Each flower consists of a pale yellow to yellow corolla, a whitish green calyx with 5 linear teeth, 5 inserted stamens, and a pistil with a single style. The trumpet-shaped corolla is ¾–1¼" (18-32 mm.) long and 10-18 mm. across; it has 5 rounded spreading lobes, a narrowly cylindrical base, and a throat with a narrow opening. The lobes of the corolla are ruffled or fringed. The calyx (including its teeth) is up to 8 mm. long; it is more or less covered with appressed hairs. At the flower bases, there are small leafy bracts up to 8 mm. long; except for their small size, they resemble the leaves. The blooming period for these flowers occurs from late spring to early summer, lasting about 3 weeks. In addition to these showy flowers, this plant also produces small cleistogamous flowers later in the summer. These latter flowers are about ¼" long and inconspicuous; they are self-fertile. Afterwards, fertile flowers are replaced by small nutlets (4 nutlets per flower). Mature nutlets are 3–3.5 mm. long, ovoid in shape, light gray to white, shiny, and sparsely pitted. Individual nutlets are keeled along one side, while their bottoms are truncate and their apices are somewhat pointed. The root system consistsDistribution Map of a deep taproot. This plant reproduces by reseeding itself. Cultivation: The preference is full sun, dry-mesic to dry conditions, and barren soil that is stony or sandy. Seed germination requires no pretreatment involving winter dormancy. As a perennial, this plant is moderately short-lived (typically surviving about 5 years), but its seeds are easier to germinate than many other native puccoons (Lithospermum spp.). Range & Habitat: The native Fringed Puccoon occurs in northern and western Illinois, where it is uncommon. Illinois lies along the eastern range-limit of this species. Habitats include upland prairies, gravel prairies, sand prairies, hill prairies, sandy or rocky savannas, limestone glades, and pastures. Fringed Puccoon has a tendency to increase in response to light or moderate grazing by cattle. Occasional wildfires are probably beneficial by reducing competition from woody plants and by removing the accumulation of smothering debris from dead herbaceous plants. In Illinois, Fringed Puccoon is found in higher quality natural areas. Faunal Associations: The structure of the large showy flowers indicates that they are cross-pollinated by butterflies, skippers, and possibly the Ruby-throated Hummingbird (in Illinois). A small number of insects are known to feed on the leaves, roots, and other parts of Fringed Puccoon and other puccoons (Lithospermum spp.) that are found in prairies. They include larvae of a long-horned beetle (Hemierana marginata ardens), larvae of a moth, the Gray Ethmia (Ethmia monticola fuscipedella), and larvae of a Sesiid moth (Carmenta mariona); see Yanega (1996), Powell (1973), and BugGuide (at bugguide.net) for more information. However, the range of the Sesiid moth extends eastward to Kansas and Nebraska; it has not been found in Illinois. Several polyphagous grasshoppers are known to feed occasionally on Fringed Puccoon. They include the Two-striped Grasshopper (Melanoplus bivittatus), Red-legged Grasshopper (Melanoplus femurrubrum), Yellowish Grasshopper (Melanoplus flavidus), and Gladston's Grasshopper (Melanoplus gladstoni); see Campbell et al. (1974), Brust et al. (2008), and Joern (1985) for more information. Photographic Location: A sandy hill prairie in Cook County, Illinois. The photographs were taken by Bill Johnson (Copyright © 2014). Comments: This is one of three puccoon species (Lithospermum spp.) in Illinois that inhabit prairies. They all produce showy flowers at about the same time each year that vary in color from pale yellow to orange-yellow. Fringed Puccoon can be distinguished from these other species by the fringed or ruffled lobes of its corolla and very narrow leaves (2-6 mm. across). It also produces small cleistogamous (self-fertile) flowers, unlike the others. Similar to other puccoons, a blue dye can be obtained from its roots.
Description: This herbaceous perennial plant produces one or more unbranched stems from its root system; these stems are 4-14
Description: This herbaceous perennial plant produces one or more unbranched stems from its root system; these stems are 4-14
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Miss Chen
01-22
Miss Chen

不知道大家喜欢如意万年青吗,万年青有很多品种,但是最喜欢的还是如意万年青,也叫做如意皇后、彩叶粗肋草、彩叶亮丝草等,叶色斑斓,粉红色,碧绿色,十分好看,观赏性很高,就算种在室内,也能轻易开花。
一、如意万年青的生长习性 要想养好如意万年青,首先我们要了解它的生活习性。如意万年青喜欢明亮的光照,但是又不能忍受强烈的阳光暴晒,这样反而会使得植株叶片变黄、发育不良,夏季光照强烈时要适当遮阴,喜欢温暖的生活环境,因此可以养殖在家中接受散光的照射。 二、如意万年青的养殖方法 了解完了如意万年青的生长习性,接下来就为大家介绍一下如意万年青的养殖方法,亲农网将从土壤、光照、温度、水肥以及修剪五个方面全方位的为大家介绍有关如意万年青的养殖方法。 1.土壤环境 养殖如意万年青最好使用富含腐殖质的土,要让其土松软、并且肥沃,那么最适合选择掺入肥料的砂质土。应当保证盆内的湿润,但是也不能太潮湿甚至出现积水,否则很容易烂根,对空气的干湿程度也有比较高的要求。 2.光照要求 这种植物最漂亮的就是它的叶片了,能耐阴,但是在阳光充足的地方更好,不过应当避免强光的直接照射。夏天的时候,应该把花盆摆放在家中北边的窗台,到了冬天,就放到南窗去。光线太暗的地方,会淡化叶片的颜色。阳光太过强烈,则会灼伤叶片。 3.温度要求 这种植物喜欢温暖的地方,一般白天温度在30度,夜晚温度在25度的环境下是最适合的。冬天,即使是10度也能存活,但是必须在15-18度之间才能正常生长。夏天如果温度超过25度,则需要向叶片洒水,降低叶片的温度。 4.水肥需求 这种植物应该保证其盆内不干裂、不潮湿,夏天的时候应该经常向叶片洒水,一方面可以保持这种植物叶片的干净、增加光泽,另一方面可以为叶片降温。冬季时应该减少喷水,否则会有斑点出现,严重的时候可以造成腐烂。生长期时,为了让其更加健壮,可以使用部分氮素液肥。秋后增施磷、钾肥壮茎秆、防止倒伏。 5.修剪 为了让植物更好的生长,应该适时进行修剪。修剪一般是将植物已经枯黄或者长势不是很好的叶片剪掉,多次修剪,可以让整个植物的叶片更加鲜艳丰满。当植物生长的太高的时候可以进行剪去幼芽,促使新的枝叶的生长,更加具有美观性。 以上就是为大家介绍的有关如意万年青的养殖方法,在这里亲农网还要告诉大家一个有关如意万年青的小知识,如意万年青属天南星科植物,大家知道有部分天南星科的植物是可以作为药用的,同时也是有毒的,亲农网在这里告诉大家,如意万年青是没有毒性的,可以直接种植在房间,也可以放置在卧室里哟!
  不知道大家喜欢如意万年青吗,万年青有很多品种,但是最喜欢的还是如意万年青,也叫做如意皇后、彩叶粗肋草、彩叶亮丝草等,叶色斑斓,粉红色,碧绿色,十分好看,观赏性很高,就算种在室内,也能轻易开花。
  一、如意万年青的生长习性

要想养好如意万年青,首先我们要了解它的生活习性。如意万年青喜欢明亮的光照,但是又不能忍受强烈的阳光暴晒,这样反而会使得植株叶片变黄、发育不良,夏季光照强烈时要适当遮阴,喜欢温暖的生活环境,因此可以养殖在家中接受散光的照射。

二、如意万年青的养殖方法

了解完了如意万年青的生长习性,接下来就为大家介绍一下如意万年青的养殖方法,亲农网将从土壤、光照、温度、水肥以及修剪五个方面全方位的为大家介绍有关如意万年青的养殖方法。

1.土壤环境

养殖如意万年青最好使用富含腐殖质的土,要让其土松软、并且肥沃,那么最适合选择掺入肥料的砂质土。应当保证盆内的湿润,但是也不能太潮湿甚至出现积水,否则很容易烂根,对空气的干湿程度也有比较高的要求。

2.光照要求

这种植物最漂亮的就是它的叶片了,能耐阴,但是在阳光充足的地方更好,不过应当避免强光的直接照射。夏天的时候,应该把花盆摆放在家中北边的窗台,到了冬天,就放到南窗去。光线太暗的地方,会淡化叶片的颜色。阳光太过强烈,则会灼伤叶片。

3.温度要求

这种植物喜欢温暖的地方,一般白天温度在30度,夜晚温度在25度的环境下是最适合的。冬天,即使是10度也能存活,但是必须在15-18度之间才能正常生长。夏天如果温度超过25度,则需要向叶片洒水,降低叶片的温度。

4.水肥需求

这种植物应该保证其盆内不干裂、不潮湿,夏天的时候应该经常向叶片洒水,一方面可以保持这种植物叶片的干净、增加光泽,另一方面可以为叶片降温。冬季时应该减少喷水,否则会有斑点出现,严重的时候可以造成腐烂。生长期时,为了让其更加健壮,可以使用部分氮素液肥。秋后增施磷、钾肥壮茎秆、防止倒伏。

5.修剪

为了让植物更好的生长,应该适时进行修剪。修剪一般是将植物已经枯黄或者长势不是很好的叶片剪掉,多次修剪,可以让整个植物的叶片更加鲜艳丰满。当植物生长的太高的时候可以进行剪去幼芽,促使新的枝叶的生长,更加具有美观性。

以上就是为大家介绍的有关如意万年青的养殖方法,在这里亲农网还要告诉大家一个有关如意万年青的小知识,如意万年青属天南星科植物,大家知道有部分天南星科的植物是可以作为药用的,同时也是有毒的,亲农网在这里告诉大家,如意万年青是没有毒性的,可以直接种植在房间,也可以放置在卧室里哟!
  不知道大家喜欢如意万年青吗,万年青有很多品种,但是最喜欢的还是如意万年青,也叫做如意皇后、彩叶粗肋草、彩叶亮丝草等,叶色斑斓,粉红色,碧绿色,十分好看,观赏性很高,就算种在室内,也能轻易开花。
  一、如意万年青的生长习性

要想养好如意万年青,首先我们要了解它的生活习性。如意万年青喜欢明亮的光照,但是又不能忍受强烈的阳光暴晒,这样反而会使得植株叶片变黄、发育不良,夏季光照强烈时要适当遮阴,喜欢温暖的生活环境,因此可以养殖在家中接受散光的照射。

二、如意万年青的养殖方法

了解完了如意万年青的生长习性,接下来就为大家介绍一下如意万年青的养殖方法,亲农网将从土壤、光照、温度、水肥以及修剪五个方面全方位的为大家介绍有关如意万年青的养殖方法。

1.土壤环境

养殖如意万年青最好使用富含腐殖质的土,要让其土松软、并且肥沃,那么最适合选择掺入肥料的砂质土。应当保证盆内的湿润,但是也不能太潮湿甚至出现积水,否则很容易烂根,对空气的干湿程度也有比较高的要求。

2.光照要求

这种植物最漂亮的就是它的叶片了,能耐阴,但是在阳光充足的地方更好,不过应当避免强光的直接照射。夏天的时候,应该把花盆摆放在家中北边的窗台,到了冬天,就放到南窗去。光线太暗的地方,会淡化叶片的颜色。阳光太过强烈,则会灼伤叶片。

3.温度要求

这种植物喜欢温暖的地方,一般白天温度在30度,夜晚温度在25度的环境下是最适合的。冬天,即使是10度也能存活,但是必须在15-18度之间才能正常生长。夏天如果温度超过25度,则需要向叶片洒水,降低叶片的温度。

4.水肥需求

这种植物应该保证其盆内不干裂、不潮湿,夏天的时候应该经常向叶片洒水,一方面可以保持这种植物叶片的干净、增加光泽,另一方面可以为叶片降温。冬季时应该减少喷水,否则会有斑点出现,严重的时候可以造成腐烂。生长期时,为了让其更加健壮,可以使用部分氮素液肥。秋后增施磷、钾肥壮茎秆、防止倒伏。

5.修剪

为了让植物更好的生长,应该适时进行修剪。修剪一般是将植物已经枯黄或者长势不是很好的叶片剪掉,多次修剪,可以让整个植物的叶片更加鲜艳丰满。当植物生长的太高的时候可以进行剪去幼芽,促使新的枝叶的生长,更加具有美观性。

以上就是为大家介绍的有关如意万年青的养殖方法,在这里亲农网还要告诉大家一个有关如意万年青的小知识,如意万年青属天南星科植物,大家知道有部分天南星科的植物是可以作为药用的,同时也是有毒的,亲农网在这里告诉大家,如意万年青是没有毒性的,可以直接种植在房间,也可以放置在卧室里哟!
  不知道大家喜欢如意万年青吗,万年青有很多品种,但是最喜欢的还是如意万年青,也叫做如意皇后、彩叶粗肋草、彩叶亮丝草等,叶色斑斓,粉红色,碧绿色,十分好看,观赏性很高,就算种在室内,也能轻易开花。
  一、如意万年青的生长习性

要想养好如意万年青,首先我们要了解它的生活习性。如意万年青喜欢明亮的光照,但是又不能忍受强烈的阳光暴晒,这样反而会使得植株叶片变黄、发育不良,夏季光照强烈时要适当遮阴,喜欢温暖的生活环境,因此可以养殖在家中接受散光的照射。

二、如意万年青的养殖方法

了解完了如意万年青的生长习性,接下来就为大家介绍一下如意万年青的养殖方法,亲农网将从土壤、光照、温度、水肥以及修剪五个方面全方位的为大家介绍有关如意万年青的养殖方法。

1.土壤环境

养殖如意万年青最好使用富含腐殖质的土,要让其土松软、并且肥沃,那么最适合选择掺入肥料的砂质土。应当保证盆内的湿润,但是也不能太潮湿甚至出现积水,否则很容易烂根,对空气的干湿程度也有比较高的要求。

2.光照要求

这种植物最漂亮的就是它的叶片了,能耐阴,但是在阳光充足的地方更好,不过应当避免强光的直接照射。夏天的时候,应该把花盆摆放在家中北边的窗台,到了冬天,就放到南窗去。光线太暗的地方,会淡化叶片的颜色。阳光太过强烈,则会灼伤叶片。

3.温度要求

这种植物喜欢温暖的地方,一般白天温度在30度,夜晚温度在25度的环境下是最适合的。冬天,即使是10度也能存活,但是必须在15-18度之间才能正常生长。夏天如果温度超过25度,则需要向叶片洒水,降低叶片的温度。

4.水肥需求

这种植物应该保证其盆内不干裂、不潮湿,夏天的时候应该经常向叶片洒水,一方面可以保持这种植物叶片的干净、增加光泽,另一方面可以为叶片降温。冬季时应该减少喷水,否则会有斑点出现,严重的时候可以造成腐烂。生长期时,为了让其更加健壮,可以使用部分氮素液肥。秋后增施磷、钾肥壮茎秆、防止倒伏。

5.修剪

为了让植物更好的生长,应该适时进行修剪。修剪一般是将植物已经枯黄或者长势不是很好的叶片剪掉,多次修剪,可以让整个植物的叶片更加鲜艳丰满。当植物生长的太高的时候可以进行剪去幼芽,促使新的枝叶的生长,更加具有美观性。

以上就是为大家介绍的有关如意万年青的养殖方法,在这里亲农网还要告诉大家一个有关如意万年青的小知识,如意万年青属天南星科植物,大家知道有部分天南星科的植物是可以作为药用的,同时也是有毒的,亲农网在这里告诉大家,如意万年青是没有毒性的,可以直接种植在房间,也可以放置在卧室里哟!
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Article
Miss Chen
01-22
Miss Chen

野姜花又名姜花,是姜科野姜花属的淡水草本植物,高1-2米,花序为穗状,花萼管状,叶序互生,叶片长狭,两端尖,叶面秃,叶背略带薄毛。不耐寒,喜冬季温暖、夏季湿润环境,抗旱能力差,生长初期宜半阴,生长旺盛期需充足阳光。土壤宜肥沃,保湿力强。野姜花有清新的香味,放于室内可作天然的空气清新器。色泽圆融,一般为白色花朵。盆栽可供观赏,白色花卉如蝴蝶,所以又称蝴蝶姜、白蝴蝶花等。原产亚洲热带,印度和马来西亚的热带地区,大概在清代传入中国。另外,野姜花是古巴和尼加拉瓜的国花。
一、野姜花的生长习性 野姜花是一种淡水草本植物,花朵清新优雅,香气芬芳,是一种十分优良的天然空气清新剂,同时也能作为观赏花卉培育。由于野姜花原产自热带地区,因此比较喜欢高温、高湿的环境,不耐寒。 二、野姜花的养殖方法 1.温度和土壤 因为野姜花本身喜好高温以及高湿的环境,所以要保证生长环境的温度,一般冬天的温度只保持在10℃以上即可。 野姜花对于土壤的要求就是要选择疏松性、排水性良好的肥沃砂质土壤才可以保证其生长所需的营养。 2.水分 野姜花是一种不耐旱的植株,所以在夏季干旱炎热的时候要保持湿润的环境,也要土壤要保持湿润,还要经常往叶子上喷洒水分,保持叶子的湿度。 3.施肥 野姜花在种植的时候就要施基肥,这时可选择一些有生物菌肥,机肥以及磷肥等肥料当作基肥,再施到盆里;等到生长期要适当的进行追肥,大概每隔10天进行一次追肥即可,也要经常在阴雨天向叶面喷洒叶面肥。 三、野姜花养殖的注意事项 1.冬季温度 冬季的时候要注意温度要保持在10℃以上,以免冻伤。平时也要保证高温多湿。 2.光照强度 野姜花喜好温暖,所以在生长期可以保持足够的光照,使野姜花能够更好的生长。 3.施肥频率 野姜花的施肥频率主要是要注意生长期的施肥时间和次数,生长期通常每10天施一次肥,时间一般选择在晴朗的早晨为宜。 以上就是为大家带来的野姜花的养殖方法和注意事项的介绍,野姜花除了能净化空气外,它的根茎果实还是一种良好的中药材,野姜花本身又是一种良好的观赏花卉,还能在插花中作为切花使用,更是一种绿色保健的食用蔬菜,可谓一花多用,喜欢的朋友不妨在家中种上几朵哟!
  野姜花又名姜花,是姜科野姜花属的淡水草本植物,高1-2米,花序为穗状,花萼管状,叶序互生,叶片长狭,两端尖,叶面秃,叶背略带薄毛。不耐寒,喜冬季温暖、夏季湿润环境,抗旱能力差,生长初期宜半阴,生长旺盛期需充足阳光。土壤宜肥沃,保湿力强。野姜花有清新的香味,放于室内可作天然的空气清新器。色泽圆融,一般为白色花朵。盆栽可供观赏,白色花卉如蝴蝶,所以又称蝴蝶姜、白蝴蝶花等。原产亚洲热带,印度和马来西亚的热带地区,大概在清代传入中国。另外,野姜花是古巴和尼加拉瓜的国花。
  一、野姜花的生长习性

野姜花是一种淡水草本植物,花朵清新优雅,香气芬芳,是一种十分优良的天然空气清新剂,同时也能作为观赏花卉培育。由于野姜花原产自热带地区,因此比较喜欢高温、高湿的环境,不耐寒。

二、野姜花的养殖方法

1.温度和土壤

因为野姜花本身喜好高温以及高湿的环境,所以要保证生长环境的温度,一般冬天的温度只保持在10℃以上即可。

野姜花对于土壤的要求就是要选择疏松性、排水性良好的肥沃砂质土壤才可以保证其生长所需的营养。

2.水分

野姜花是一种不耐旱的植株,所以在夏季干旱炎热的时候要保持湿润的环境,也要土壤要保持湿润,还要经常往叶子上喷洒水分,保持叶子的湿度。

3.施肥

野姜花在种植的时候就要施基肥,这时可选择一些有生物菌肥,机肥以及磷肥等肥料当作基肥,再施到盆里;等到生长期要适当的进行追肥,大概每隔10天进行一次追肥即可,也要经常在阴雨天向叶面喷洒叶面肥。

三、野姜花养殖的注意事项

1.冬季温度

冬季的时候要注意温度要保持在10℃以上,以免冻伤。平时也要保证高温多湿。

2.光照强度

野姜花喜好温暖,所以在生长期可以保持足够的光照,使野姜花能够更好的生长。

3.施肥频率

野姜花的施肥频率主要是要注意生长期的施肥时间和次数,生长期通常每10天施一次肥,时间一般选择在晴朗的早晨为宜。

以上就是为大家带来的野姜花的养殖方法和注意事项的介绍,野姜花除了能净化空气外,它的根茎果实还是一种良好的中药材,野姜花本身又是一种良好的观赏花卉,还能在插花中作为切花使用,更是一种绿色保健的食用蔬菜,可谓一花多用,喜欢的朋友不妨在家中种上几朵哟!
  野姜花又名姜花,是姜科野姜花属的淡水草本植物,高1-2米,花序为穗状,花萼管状,叶序互生,叶片长狭,两端尖,叶面秃,叶背略带薄毛。不耐寒,喜冬季温暖、夏季湿润环境,抗旱能力差,生长初期宜半阴,生长旺盛期需充足阳光。土壤宜肥沃,保湿力强。野姜花有清新的香味,放于室内可作天然的空气清新器。色泽圆融,一般为白色花朵。盆栽可供观赏,白色花卉如蝴蝶,所以又称蝴蝶姜、白蝴蝶花等。原产亚洲热带,印度和马来西亚的热带地区,大概在清代传入中国。另外,野姜花是古巴和尼加拉瓜的国花。
  一、野姜花的生长习性

野姜花是一种淡水草本植物,花朵清新优雅,香气芬芳,是一种十分优良的天然空气清新剂,同时也能作为观赏花卉培育。由于野姜花原产自热带地区,因此比较喜欢高温、高湿的环境,不耐寒。

二、野姜花的养殖方法

1.温度和土壤

因为野姜花本身喜好高温以及高湿的环境,所以要保证生长环境的温度,一般冬天的温度只保持在10℃以上即可。

野姜花对于土壤的要求就是要选择疏松性、排水性良好的肥沃砂质土壤才可以保证其生长所需的营养。

2.水分

野姜花是一种不耐旱的植株,所以在夏季干旱炎热的时候要保持湿润的环境,也要土壤要保持湿润,还要经常往叶子上喷洒水分,保持叶子的湿度。

3.施肥

野姜花在种植的时候就要施基肥,这时可选择一些有生物菌肥,机肥以及磷肥等肥料当作基肥,再施到盆里;等到生长期要适当的进行追肥,大概每隔10天进行一次追肥即可,也要经常在阴雨天向叶面喷洒叶面肥。

三、野姜花养殖的注意事项

1.冬季温度

冬季的时候要注意温度要保持在10℃以上,以免冻伤。平时也要保证高温多湿。

2.光照强度

野姜花喜好温暖,所以在生长期可以保持足够的光照,使野姜花能够更好的生长。

3.施肥频率

野姜花的施肥频率主要是要注意生长期的施肥时间和次数,生长期通常每10天施一次肥,时间一般选择在晴朗的早晨为宜。

以上就是为大家带来的野姜花的养殖方法和注意事项的介绍,野姜花除了能净化空气外,它的根茎果实还是一种良好的中药材,野姜花本身又是一种良好的观赏花卉,还能在插花中作为切花使用,更是一种绿色保健的食用蔬菜,可谓一花多用,喜欢的朋友不妨在家中种上几朵哟!
  野姜花又名姜花,是姜科野姜花属的淡水草本植物,高1-2米,花序为穗状,花萼管状,叶序互生,叶片长狭,两端尖,叶面秃,叶背略带薄毛。不耐寒,喜冬季温暖、夏季湿润环境,抗旱能力差,生长初期宜半阴,生长旺盛期需充足阳光。土壤宜肥沃,保湿力强。野姜花有清新的香味,放于室内可作天然的空气清新器。色泽圆融,一般为白色花朵。盆栽可供观赏,白色花卉如蝴蝶,所以又称蝴蝶姜、白蝴蝶花等。原产亚洲热带,印度和马来西亚的热带地区,大概在清代传入中国。另外,野姜花是古巴和尼加拉瓜的国花。
  一、野姜花的生长习性

野姜花是一种淡水草本植物,花朵清新优雅,香气芬芳,是一种十分优良的天然空气清新剂,同时也能作为观赏花卉培育。由于野姜花原产自热带地区,因此比较喜欢高温、高湿的环境,不耐寒。

二、野姜花的养殖方法

1.温度和土壤

因为野姜花本身喜好高温以及高湿的环境,所以要保证生长环境的温度,一般冬天的温度只保持在10℃以上即可。

野姜花对于土壤的要求就是要选择疏松性、排水性良好的肥沃砂质土壤才可以保证其生长所需的营养。

2.水分

野姜花是一种不耐旱的植株,所以在夏季干旱炎热的时候要保持湿润的环境,也要土壤要保持湿润,还要经常往叶子上喷洒水分,保持叶子的湿度。

3.施肥

野姜花在种植的时候就要施基肥,这时可选择一些有生物菌肥,机肥以及磷肥等肥料当作基肥,再施到盆里;等到生长期要适当的进行追肥,大概每隔10天进行一次追肥即可,也要经常在阴雨天向叶面喷洒叶面肥。

三、野姜花养殖的注意事项

1.冬季温度

冬季的时候要注意温度要保持在10℃以上,以免冻伤。平时也要保证高温多湿。

2.光照强度

野姜花喜好温暖,所以在生长期可以保持足够的光照,使野姜花能够更好的生长。

3.施肥频率

野姜花的施肥频率主要是要注意生长期的施肥时间和次数,生长期通常每10天施一次肥,时间一般选择在晴朗的早晨为宜。

以上就是为大家带来的野姜花的养殖方法和注意事项的介绍,野姜花除了能净化空气外,它的根茎果实还是一种良好的中药材,野姜花本身又是一种良好的观赏花卉,还能在插花中作为切花使用,更是一种绿色保健的食用蔬菜,可谓一花多用,喜欢的朋友不妨在家中种上几朵哟!
0
0
Article
Miss Chen
01-22
Miss Chen

最早记载水仙传入中国的可靠文献是段公路《北户录》中的一段文字:“孙光宪续注曰,从事江陵日,寄住蕃客穆思密尝遗水仙花数本,摘之水器中,经年不萎。”是说寄居江陵的波斯人穆思密赠送给孙光宪几棵水仙花。孙光宪是晚唐五代花间派的重要词人,当时在高季兴南平国所辖的江陵任职,江陵相当于今湖北荆州。因此大致可以肯定,中国水仙的确是由外国传入的,时间在五代或稍早一些的唐末,首传地点有可能就在湖北荆州一带。屈原行吟泽畔的形象与希腊传说中那喀索斯(Narcissus)这一水边自恋的神灵颇有几份神似,当时传来水仙的蕃客移民入乡随俗,遂以水仙这一楚国故里对屈原的乡土称呼来替代这一西洋的神异命名。这应该就是水仙这一中文名称的来源。
一、水仙花花期的控制 要想给水仙花催花,我们首先就要知道水仙花的花期,前面已经提到过水仙是冬春开花的,那么在炎热的夏季想要水仙开花肯定就是不现实的。一般正常养护的话,花期也会比较稳定,40或者50天就能开花了,但是这是指正常的条件下,水仙花如果遇到天气反常的现象,例如温度过低,光照不足,开花可能会延迟,这时候就需要催花,人为进行调控。水仙可以采取的催花方法,主要就是增温,使其如期开花。 二、水仙花催花的方法 水仙如果正常养护,水仙催花可以采取的方法包括光照增温,在白天的时候,将水仙花放在室外的阳光下,或者是放置在室内光照充足的地方,直到其开花。 也可以用灯光增温的方式,在水仙花的花盆罩上一个塑料的透明罩子,用灯光照射,可以提高花盆内的温度。此外也可以使用加温装置,例如电吹风或者电热器,利用这些暖风来吹拂水仙的植株,可以使其开花并连开数天。但是注意不要让电吹风等伤到到水仙花的植株。 还可以利用温水来进行增温,在水仙的花盆里加入少量的温水,可以将水温升高一些,促进开花。 三、推迟花期的方法 说起催花,就要提到花期的推迟。因为催花和推迟花期都是希望花朵可以按照人的想法来进行开放的,水仙花也可以将花期推迟,使其在我们需要的时候绽放。 水仙需要推迟花期,一般可能是气温过高,这时候可以在水仙的花盆内加上一些冷水,在夜晚的时候再将水倒掉,进行低温处理,这样可以推迟花期。 以上就是为大家介绍的有关水仙花不开花以及水仙花怎么催花的问题,希望能为大家带来一些帮助。通常情况下只要温度和阳光跟得上,换水及时,水仙花养护一个多月的时间就能开花,如果这几点都做得很好,但是水仙花还是没有开花,这时候就要考虑球茎的质量问题了。
  最早记载水仙传入中国的可靠文献是段公路《北户录》中的一段文字:“孙光宪续注曰,从事江陵日,寄住蕃客穆思密尝遗水仙花数本,摘之水器中,经年不萎。”是说寄居江陵的波斯人穆思密赠送给孙光宪几棵水仙花。孙光宪是晚唐五代花间派的重要词人,当时在高季兴南平国所辖的江陵任职,江陵相当于今湖北荆州。因此大致可以肯定,中国水仙的确是由外国传入的,时间在五代或稍早一些的唐末,首传地点有可能就在湖北荆州一带。屈原行吟泽畔的形象与希腊传说中那喀索斯(Narcissus)这一水边自恋的神灵颇有几份神似,当时传来水仙的蕃客移民入乡随俗,遂以水仙这一楚国故里对屈原的乡土称呼来替代这一西洋的神异命名。这应该就是水仙这一中文名称的来源。
  一、水仙花花期的控制

要想给水仙花催花,我们首先就要知道水仙花的花期,前面已经提到过水仙是冬春开花的,那么在炎热的夏季想要水仙开花肯定就是不现实的。一般正常养护的话,花期也会比较稳定,40或者50天就能开花了,但是这是指正常的条件下,水仙花如果遇到天气反常的现象,例如温度过低,光照不足,开花可能会延迟,这时候就需要催花,人为进行调控。水仙可以采取的催花方法,主要就是增温,使其如期开花。

二、水仙花催花的方法

水仙如果正常养护,水仙催花可以采取的方法包括光照增温,在白天的时候,将水仙花放在室外的阳光下,或者是放置在室内光照充足的地方,直到其开花。
也可以用灯光增温的方式,在水仙花的花盆罩上一个塑料的透明罩子,用灯光照射,可以提高花盆内的温度。此外也可以使用加温装置,例如电吹风或者电热器,利用这些暖风来吹拂水仙的植株,可以使其开花并连开数天。但是注意不要让电吹风等伤到到水仙花的植株。
还可以利用温水来进行增温,在水仙的花盆里加入少量的温水,可以将水温升高一些,促进开花。

三、推迟花期的方法

说起催花,就要提到花期的推迟。因为催花和推迟花期都是希望花朵可以按照人的想法来进行开放的,水仙花也可以将花期推迟,使其在我们需要的时候绽放。
水仙需要推迟花期,一般可能是气温过高,这时候可以在水仙的花盆内加上一些冷水,在夜晚的时候再将水倒掉,进行低温处理,这样可以推迟花期。

以上就是为大家介绍的有关水仙花不开花以及水仙花怎么催花的问题,希望能为大家带来一些帮助。通常情况下只要温度和阳光跟得上,换水及时,水仙花养护一个多月的时间就能开花,如果这几点都做得很好,但是水仙花还是没有开花,这时候就要考虑球茎的质量问题了。
  最早记载水仙传入中国的可靠文献是段公路《北户录》中的一段文字:“孙光宪续注曰,从事江陵日,寄住蕃客穆思密尝遗水仙花数本,摘之水器中,经年不萎。”是说寄居江陵的波斯人穆思密赠送给孙光宪几棵水仙花。孙光宪是晚唐五代花间派的重要词人,当时在高季兴南平国所辖的江陵任职,江陵相当于今湖北荆州。因此大致可以肯定,中国水仙的确是由外国传入的,时间在五代或稍早一些的唐末,首传地点有可能就在湖北荆州一带。屈原行吟泽畔的形象与希腊传说中那喀索斯(Narcissus)这一水边自恋的神灵颇有几份神似,当时传来水仙的蕃客移民入乡随俗,遂以水仙这一楚国故里对屈原的乡土称呼来替代这一西洋的神异命名。这应该就是水仙这一中文名称的来源。
  一、水仙花花期的控制

要想给水仙花催花,我们首先就要知道水仙花的花期,前面已经提到过水仙是冬春开花的,那么在炎热的夏季想要水仙开花肯定就是不现实的。一般正常养护的话,花期也会比较稳定,40或者50天就能开花了,但是这是指正常的条件下,水仙花如果遇到天气反常的现象,例如温度过低,光照不足,开花可能会延迟,这时候就需要催花,人为进行调控。水仙可以采取的催花方法,主要就是增温,使其如期开花。

二、水仙花催花的方法

水仙如果正常养护,水仙催花可以采取的方法包括光照增温,在白天的时候,将水仙花放在室外的阳光下,或者是放置在室内光照充足的地方,直到其开花。
也可以用灯光增温的方式,在水仙花的花盆罩上一个塑料的透明罩子,用灯光照射,可以提高花盆内的温度。此外也可以使用加温装置,例如电吹风或者电热器,利用这些暖风来吹拂水仙的植株,可以使其开花并连开数天。但是注意不要让电吹风等伤到到水仙花的植株。
还可以利用温水来进行增温,在水仙的花盆里加入少量的温水,可以将水温升高一些,促进开花。

三、推迟花期的方法

说起催花,就要提到花期的推迟。因为催花和推迟花期都是希望花朵可以按照人的想法来进行开放的,水仙花也可以将花期推迟,使其在我们需要的时候绽放。
水仙需要推迟花期,一般可能是气温过高,这时候可以在水仙的花盆内加上一些冷水,在夜晚的时候再将水倒掉,进行低温处理,这样可以推迟花期。

以上就是为大家介绍的有关水仙花不开花以及水仙花怎么催花的问题,希望能为大家带来一些帮助。通常情况下只要温度和阳光跟得上,换水及时,水仙花养护一个多月的时间就能开花,如果这几点都做得很好,但是水仙花还是没有开花,这时候就要考虑球茎的质量问题了。
  最早记载水仙传入中国的可靠文献是段公路《北户录》中的一段文字:“孙光宪续注曰,从事江陵日,寄住蕃客穆思密尝遗水仙花数本,摘之水器中,经年不萎。”是说寄居江陵的波斯人穆思密赠送给孙光宪几棵水仙花。孙光宪是晚唐五代花间派的重要词人,当时在高季兴南平国所辖的江陵任职,江陵相当于今湖北荆州。因此大致可以肯定,中国水仙的确是由外国传入的,时间在五代或稍早一些的唐末,首传地点有可能就在湖北荆州一带。屈原行吟泽畔的形象与希腊传说中那喀索斯(Narcissus)这一水边自恋的神灵颇有几份神似,当时传来水仙的蕃客移民入乡随俗,遂以水仙这一楚国故里对屈原的乡土称呼来替代这一西洋的神异命名。这应该就是水仙这一中文名称的来源。
  一、水仙花花期的控制

要想给水仙花催花,我们首先就要知道水仙花的花期,前面已经提到过水仙是冬春开花的,那么在炎热的夏季想要水仙开花肯定就是不现实的。一般正常养护的话,花期也会比较稳定,40或者50天就能开花了,但是这是指正常的条件下,水仙花如果遇到天气反常的现象,例如温度过低,光照不足,开花可能会延迟,这时候就需要催花,人为进行调控。水仙可以采取的催花方法,主要就是增温,使其如期开花。

二、水仙花催花的方法

水仙如果正常养护,水仙催花可以采取的方法包括光照增温,在白天的时候,将水仙花放在室外的阳光下,或者是放置在室内光照充足的地方,直到其开花。
也可以用灯光增温的方式,在水仙花的花盆罩上一个塑料的透明罩子,用灯光照射,可以提高花盆内的温度。此外也可以使用加温装置,例如电吹风或者电热器,利用这些暖风来吹拂水仙的植株,可以使其开花并连开数天。但是注意不要让电吹风等伤到到水仙花的植株。
还可以利用温水来进行增温,在水仙的花盆里加入少量的温水,可以将水温升高一些,促进开花。

三、推迟花期的方法

说起催花,就要提到花期的推迟。因为催花和推迟花期都是希望花朵可以按照人的想法来进行开放的,水仙花也可以将花期推迟,使其在我们需要的时候绽放。
水仙需要推迟花期,一般可能是气温过高,这时候可以在水仙的花盆内加上一些冷水,在夜晚的时候再将水倒掉,进行低温处理,这样可以推迟花期。

以上就是为大家介绍的有关水仙花不开花以及水仙花怎么催花的问题,希望能为大家带来一些帮助。通常情况下只要温度和阳光跟得上,换水及时,水仙花养护一个多月的时间就能开花,如果这几点都做得很好,但是水仙花还是没有开花,这时候就要考虑球茎的质量问题了。
0
0
Article
Miss Chen
01-22
Miss Chen

很多人对空气凤梨可能并不陌生,这货经常会出现在花店和室内造景的图片中。空气凤梨是指凤梨科Tillandsia属下近550个品种+103个变种,和我们常吃的菠萝是同科不同属的亲戚。实际上这个数字并不准确,因为每年都有很多新品种被发现,很多杂交种、园艺种产生。空凤原产地主要分布于中、南美洲还有美国南部,最大的特点是不需要栽培在泥土里面,可以直接“种”在空气中,养在室内可以养的很干净,也不需要很频繁的打理。
一、容器 既然不用依附于土壤,那自然选什么容器就看大家自己的兴趣了,许多人为了美观会采用贝壳、石头、树桩等,反正只要你能想到的容器都可以拿来用,只要能固定上去就行。 二、固定 刚说到固定,那么应该怎么去固定它呢?空气凤梨的根系不是养分运输的工具而是起到固定作用,也可以理解为人的“脚”,但我们在定植初期需要辅助固定。可以选择铁丝,绳索绑扎,或者用胶、热熔胶将其粘在容器上。或者是吊挂的方式栽培,用铜丝绳索将其绑扎后吊在空中。 三、温度 空气凤梨能耐0℃的低温和40℃的高温,大多数品种低于5℃会受冻,低于0℃植株死亡,生长最适宜的温度为15~30℃,当温度高于25℃时,要加强通风,增加空气湿度。夏季注意喷水,加湿降温。 四、水分 既然没有依附在土壤上,根系又不是养分的运输工具,那么水分应该怎么获取呢?养过花的人很容易就能想到了,那就是——喷水。空气凤梨的喷水方法,每周用喷壶喷水2-3次,天气较干旱时,可每天喷洒一次。喷水时以喷至叶面全湿即可,不过要注意叶心不要积水,若喷水过多,可倒转植株让多余的水分流出。 五、光照 空气凤梨叶片颜色较灰,白色鳞片较多和较厚硬的品种需要较强的光照;而叶片较绿,鳞片较少和较软的品种较耐荫。养护中可根据品种适当光照,最简单的方法是,将植株放在室内光线明亮处,若生长浇瘦弱的就及时补光就好啦。 六、施肥 又是一样的问题,没有了土壤,我们要怎么给它施肥呢?最简单的办法就是将植株浸入3000-5000倍的肥液中1-2小时,然后取出,每周一次即可。冬季停止施肥。 以上就是为大家带来的有关空气凤梨养殖方法的介绍,看完了之后是不是觉得,有些颠覆传统的种植概念呢?其实说是颠覆,其实是我们对这种植物不太了解罢了,其实对比起来空气凤梨的养护要比其它植物都容易很多呢,最直接的就是,再也不用担心不会配土而导致植物死亡了。
  很多人对空气凤梨可能并不陌生,这货经常会出现在花店和室内造景的图片中。空气凤梨是指凤梨科Tillandsia属下近550个品种+103个变种,和我们常吃的菠萝是同科不同属的亲戚。实际上这个数字并不准确,因为每年都有很多新品种被发现,很多杂交种、园艺种产生。空凤原产地主要分布于中、南美洲还有美国南部,最大的特点是不需要栽培在泥土里面,可以直接“种”在空气中,养在室内可以养的很干净,也不需要很频繁的打理。
  一、容器

既然不用依附于土壤,那自然选什么容器就看大家自己的兴趣了,许多人为了美观会采用贝壳、石头、树桩等,反正只要你能想到的容器都可以拿来用,只要能固定上去就行。

二、固定

刚说到固定,那么应该怎么去固定它呢?空气凤梨的根系不是养分运输的工具而是起到固定作用,也可以理解为人的“脚”,但我们在定植初期需要辅助固定。可以选择铁丝,绳索绑扎,或者用胶、热熔胶将其粘在容器上。或者是吊挂的方式栽培,用铜丝绳索将其绑扎后吊在空中。

三、温度

空气凤梨能耐0℃的低温和40℃的高温,大多数品种低于5℃会受冻,低于0℃植株死亡,生长最适宜的温度为15~30℃,当温度高于25℃时,要加强通风,增加空气湿度。夏季注意喷水,加湿降温。

四、水分

既然没有依附在土壤上,根系又不是养分的运输工具,那么水分应该怎么获取呢?养过花的人很容易就能想到了,那就是——喷水。空气凤梨的喷水方法,每周用喷壶喷水2-3次,天气较干旱时,可每天喷洒一次。喷水时以喷至叶面全湿即可,不过要注意叶心不要积水,若喷水过多,可倒转植株让多余的水分流出。

五、光照

空气凤梨叶片颜色较灰,白色鳞片较多和较厚硬的品种需要较强的光照;而叶片较绿,鳞片较少和较软的品种较耐荫。养护中可根据品种适当光照,最简单的方法是,将植株放在室内光线明亮处,若生长浇瘦弱的就及时补光就好啦。

六、施肥

又是一样的问题,没有了土壤,我们要怎么给它施肥呢?最简单的办法就是将植株浸入3000-5000倍的肥液中1-2小时,然后取出,每周一次即可。冬季停止施肥。

以上就是为大家带来的有关空气凤梨养殖方法的介绍,看完了之后是不是觉得,有些颠覆传统的种植概念呢?其实说是颠覆,其实是我们对这种植物不太了解罢了,其实对比起来空气凤梨的养护要比其它植物都容易很多呢,最直接的就是,再也不用担心不会配土而导致植物死亡了。
  很多人对空气凤梨可能并不陌生,这货经常会出现在花店和室内造景的图片中。空气凤梨是指凤梨科Tillandsia属下近550个品种+103个变种,和我们常吃的菠萝是同科不同属的亲戚。实际上这个数字并不准确,因为每年都有很多新品种被发现,很多杂交种、园艺种产生。空凤原产地主要分布于中、南美洲还有美国南部,最大的特点是不需要栽培在泥土里面,可以直接“种”在空气中,养在室内可以养的很干净,也不需要很频繁的打理。
  一、容器

既然不用依附于土壤,那自然选什么容器就看大家自己的兴趣了,许多人为了美观会采用贝壳、石头、树桩等,反正只要你能想到的容器都可以拿来用,只要能固定上去就行。

二、固定

刚说到固定,那么应该怎么去固定它呢?空气凤梨的根系不是养分运输的工具而是起到固定作用,也可以理解为人的“脚”,但我们在定植初期需要辅助固定。可以选择铁丝,绳索绑扎,或者用胶、热熔胶将其粘在容器上。或者是吊挂的方式栽培,用铜丝绳索将其绑扎后吊在空中。

三、温度

空气凤梨能耐0℃的低温和40℃的高温,大多数品种低于5℃会受冻,低于0℃植株死亡,生长最适宜的温度为15~30℃,当温度高于25℃时,要加强通风,增加空气湿度。夏季注意喷水,加湿降温。

四、水分

既然没有依附在土壤上,根系又不是养分的运输工具,那么水分应该怎么获取呢?养过花的人很容易就能想到了,那就是——喷水。空气凤梨的喷水方法,每周用喷壶喷水2-3次,天气较干旱时,可每天喷洒一次。喷水时以喷至叶面全湿即可,不过要注意叶心不要积水,若喷水过多,可倒转植株让多余的水分流出。

五、光照

空气凤梨叶片颜色较灰,白色鳞片较多和较厚硬的品种需要较强的光照;而叶片较绿,鳞片较少和较软的品种较耐荫。养护中可根据品种适当光照,最简单的方法是,将植株放在室内光线明亮处,若生长浇瘦弱的就及时补光就好啦。

六、施肥

又是一样的问题,没有了土壤,我们要怎么给它施肥呢?最简单的办法就是将植株浸入3000-5000倍的肥液中1-2小时,然后取出,每周一次即可。冬季停止施肥。

以上就是为大家带来的有关空气凤梨养殖方法的介绍,看完了之后是不是觉得,有些颠覆传统的种植概念呢?其实说是颠覆,其实是我们对这种植物不太了解罢了,其实对比起来空气凤梨的养护要比其它植物都容易很多呢,最直接的就是,再也不用担心不会配土而导致植物死亡了。
  很多人对空气凤梨可能并不陌生,这货经常会出现在花店和室内造景的图片中。空气凤梨是指凤梨科Tillandsia属下近550个品种+103个变种,和我们常吃的菠萝是同科不同属的亲戚。实际上这个数字并不准确,因为每年都有很多新品种被发现,很多杂交种、园艺种产生。空凤原产地主要分布于中、南美洲还有美国南部,最大的特点是不需要栽培在泥土里面,可以直接“种”在空气中,养在室内可以养的很干净,也不需要很频繁的打理。
  一、容器

既然不用依附于土壤,那自然选什么容器就看大家自己的兴趣了,许多人为了美观会采用贝壳、石头、树桩等,反正只要你能想到的容器都可以拿来用,只要能固定上去就行。

二、固定

刚说到固定,那么应该怎么去固定它呢?空气凤梨的根系不是养分运输的工具而是起到固定作用,也可以理解为人的“脚”,但我们在定植初期需要辅助固定。可以选择铁丝,绳索绑扎,或者用胶、热熔胶将其粘在容器上。或者是吊挂的方式栽培,用铜丝绳索将其绑扎后吊在空中。

三、温度

空气凤梨能耐0℃的低温和40℃的高温,大多数品种低于5℃会受冻,低于0℃植株死亡,生长最适宜的温度为15~30℃,当温度高于25℃时,要加强通风,增加空气湿度。夏季注意喷水,加湿降温。

四、水分

既然没有依附在土壤上,根系又不是养分的运输工具,那么水分应该怎么获取呢?养过花的人很容易就能想到了,那就是——喷水。空气凤梨的喷水方法,每周用喷壶喷水2-3次,天气较干旱时,可每天喷洒一次。喷水时以喷至叶面全湿即可,不过要注意叶心不要积水,若喷水过多,可倒转植株让多余的水分流出。

五、光照

空气凤梨叶片颜色较灰,白色鳞片较多和较厚硬的品种需要较强的光照;而叶片较绿,鳞片较少和较软的品种较耐荫。养护中可根据品种适当光照,最简单的方法是,将植株放在室内光线明亮处,若生长浇瘦弱的就及时补光就好啦。

六、施肥

又是一样的问题,没有了土壤,我们要怎么给它施肥呢?最简单的办法就是将植株浸入3000-5000倍的肥液中1-2小时,然后取出,每周一次即可。冬季停止施肥。

以上就是为大家带来的有关空气凤梨养殖方法的介绍,看完了之后是不是觉得,有些颠覆传统的种植概念呢?其实说是颠覆,其实是我们对这种植物不太了解罢了,其实对比起来空气凤梨的养护要比其它植物都容易很多呢,最直接的就是,再也不用担心不会配土而导致植物死亡了。
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Miss Chen
01-22
Miss Chen

菖蒲先百草于寒冬刚尽时觉醒,因而得名。菖蒲“不假日色,不资寸土”、“耐苦寒,安淡泊”,生野外则生机盎然,富有而滋润,着厅堂则亭亭玉立,飘逸而俊秀,自古以来就深得人们的喜爱。 先民崇拜该草类,把菖蒲当作神草。《本草·菖蒲》载曰:“典术云:尧时天降精于庭为韭,感百阴之气为菖蒲,故曰:尧韭。方士隐为水剑,因叶形也”。 人们在崇拜的同时,还赋予菖蒲以人格化,把农历4月14日定为菖蒲的生日,“四月十四,菖蒲生日,修剪根叶,积海水以滋养之,则青翠易生,尤堪清目。”正由于菖蒲神性,加之具有较高的观赏价值,数千年来,一直是中国观赏植物和盆景植物中重要的一种。
一、移入室内 菖蒲对寒冷的适应能力不弱,但是也不是每个地方的冬天都能适应,在北方,即使它的抗寒能力再好,毕竟环境太过寒冷,所以必须放在室内。这样菖蒲就不会冻伤啦。才能安然的度过整个寒冬。 二、修剪枯叶 菖蒲的老叶在冬天很容易开始枯黄,如果不及时修剪,很容易导致叶子腐烂。这时不能着急,不要用手去拔叶子,要把叶子剪掉,这样就不会伤害到菖蒲的根部。也不会影响周围叶子的增长。 三、光照 这是你要知道一点即使是爱凉爽的植物,也不能长时间没有光照,遇到稍微暖和的天气,也可把菖蒲放在室外吸取阳光。及时没有合适的天气,也要适时的放在比较亮的地方。 四、水分 菖蒲不喜欢干燥的环境,一点发现土有点干,就要适量的浇水,此时盆内也不能存水,否则根部就不能好好的呼吸。 菖蒲是一种适应性很强的植物,同时又有驱蚊虫、观赏、抗污染和药用的功效,一草多用,放在家中还能散发出香气,经常摆一盆放在身边,整个人的生活状态也会越来越好。
  菖蒲先百草于寒冬刚尽时觉醒,因而得名。菖蒲“不假日色,不资寸土”、“耐苦寒,安淡泊”,生野外则生机盎然,富有而滋润,着厅堂则亭亭玉立,飘逸而俊秀,自古以来就深得人们的喜爱。

先民崇拜该草类,把菖蒲当作神草。《本草·菖蒲》载曰:“典术云:尧时天降精于庭为韭,感百阴之气为菖蒲,故曰:尧韭。方士隐为水剑,因叶形也”。

人们在崇拜的同时,还赋予菖蒲以人格化,把农历4月14日定为菖蒲的生日,“四月十四,菖蒲生日,修剪根叶,积海水以滋养之,则青翠易生,尤堪清目。”正由于菖蒲神性,加之具有较高的观赏价值,数千年来,一直是中国观赏植物和盆景植物中重要的一种。
  一、移入室内

菖蒲对寒冷的适应能力不弱,但是也不是每个地方的冬天都能适应,在北方,即使它的抗寒能力再好,毕竟环境太过寒冷,所以必须放在室内。这样菖蒲就不会冻伤啦。才能安然的度过整个寒冬。

二、修剪枯叶

菖蒲的老叶在冬天很容易开始枯黄,如果不及时修剪,很容易导致叶子腐烂。这时不能着急,不要用手去拔叶子,要把叶子剪掉,这样就不会伤害到菖蒲的根部。也不会影响周围叶子的增长。

三、光照

这是你要知道一点即使是爱凉爽的植物,也不能长时间没有光照,遇到稍微暖和的天气,也可把菖蒲放在室外吸取阳光。及时没有合适的天气,也要适时的放在比较亮的地方。

四、水分

菖蒲不喜欢干燥的环境,一点发现土有点干,就要适量的浇水,此时盆内也不能存水,否则根部就不能好好的呼吸。

菖蒲是一种适应性很强的植物,同时又有驱蚊虫、观赏、抗污染和药用的功效,一草多用,放在家中还能散发出香气,经常摆一盆放在身边,整个人的生活状态也会越来越好。
  菖蒲先百草于寒冬刚尽时觉醒,因而得名。菖蒲“不假日色,不资寸土”、“耐苦寒,安淡泊”,生野外则生机盎然,富有而滋润,着厅堂则亭亭玉立,飘逸而俊秀,自古以来就深得人们的喜爱。

先民崇拜该草类,把菖蒲当作神草。《本草·菖蒲》载曰:“典术云:尧时天降精于庭为韭,感百阴之气为菖蒲,故曰:尧韭。方士隐为水剑,因叶形也”。

人们在崇拜的同时,还赋予菖蒲以人格化,把农历4月14日定为菖蒲的生日,“四月十四,菖蒲生日,修剪根叶,积海水以滋养之,则青翠易生,尤堪清目。”正由于菖蒲神性,加之具有较高的观赏价值,数千年来,一直是中国观赏植物和盆景植物中重要的一种。
  一、移入室内

菖蒲对寒冷的适应能力不弱,但是也不是每个地方的冬天都能适应,在北方,即使它的抗寒能力再好,毕竟环境太过寒冷,所以必须放在室内。这样菖蒲就不会冻伤啦。才能安然的度过整个寒冬。

二、修剪枯叶

菖蒲的老叶在冬天很容易开始枯黄,如果不及时修剪,很容易导致叶子腐烂。这时不能着急,不要用手去拔叶子,要把叶子剪掉,这样就不会伤害到菖蒲的根部。也不会影响周围叶子的增长。

三、光照

这是你要知道一点即使是爱凉爽的植物,也不能长时间没有光照,遇到稍微暖和的天气,也可把菖蒲放在室外吸取阳光。及时没有合适的天气,也要适时的放在比较亮的地方。

四、水分

菖蒲不喜欢干燥的环境,一点发现土有点干,就要适量的浇水,此时盆内也不能存水,否则根部就不能好好的呼吸。

菖蒲是一种适应性很强的植物,同时又有驱蚊虫、观赏、抗污染和药用的功效,一草多用,放在家中还能散发出香气,经常摆一盆放在身边,整个人的生活状态也会越来越好。
  菖蒲先百草于寒冬刚尽时觉醒,因而得名。菖蒲“不假日色,不资寸土”、“耐苦寒,安淡泊”,生野外则生机盎然,富有而滋润,着厅堂则亭亭玉立,飘逸而俊秀,自古以来就深得人们的喜爱。

先民崇拜该草类,把菖蒲当作神草。《本草·菖蒲》载曰:“典术云:尧时天降精于庭为韭,感百阴之气为菖蒲,故曰:尧韭。方士隐为水剑,因叶形也”。

人们在崇拜的同时,还赋予菖蒲以人格化,把农历4月14日定为菖蒲的生日,“四月十四,菖蒲生日,修剪根叶,积海水以滋养之,则青翠易生,尤堪清目。”正由于菖蒲神性,加之具有较高的观赏价值,数千年来,一直是中国观赏植物和盆景植物中重要的一种。
  一、移入室内

菖蒲对寒冷的适应能力不弱,但是也不是每个地方的冬天都能适应,在北方,即使它的抗寒能力再好,毕竟环境太过寒冷,所以必须放在室内。这样菖蒲就不会冻伤啦。才能安然的度过整个寒冬。

二、修剪枯叶

菖蒲的老叶在冬天很容易开始枯黄,如果不及时修剪,很容易导致叶子腐烂。这时不能着急,不要用手去拔叶子,要把叶子剪掉,这样就不会伤害到菖蒲的根部。也不会影响周围叶子的增长。

三、光照

这是你要知道一点即使是爱凉爽的植物,也不能长时间没有光照,遇到稍微暖和的天气,也可把菖蒲放在室外吸取阳光。及时没有合适的天气,也要适时的放在比较亮的地方。

四、水分

菖蒲不喜欢干燥的环境,一点发现土有点干,就要适量的浇水,此时盆内也不能存水,否则根部就不能好好的呼吸。

菖蒲是一种适应性很强的植物,同时又有驱蚊虫、观赏、抗污染和药用的功效,一草多用,放在家中还能散发出香气,经常摆一盆放在身边,整个人的生活状态也会越来越好。
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