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印度尼西亚国花—毛茉莉

小九
2017-06-22
#茉莉花 在菲律宾人民心目中是纯洁、热情的象征,是爱情之花,友谊之花。毛茉莉为印度尼西亚、菲律宾国花。

菲律宾人称茉莉花为“山巴一吉塔”,意思是你答应我。来源于传说:有一情郎把一枝茉莉花赠给他追求的姑娘。并说:“山巴一吉塔”,从此“山巴一吉塔”便成了茉莉花的名称,成了青年男女之间表示坚贞爱情的心声。在国际交往中,把长长的茉莉花环,挂在客人颈上垂到胸口,表示敬重与友好。

毛茉莉喜温暖、阳光充足的环境和疏松肥沃的土壤,喜肥,畏寒。寒冷地区需在温室内越冬。

茎直立或攀缘,株高2~5m,通体被黄褐色柔毛。叶对生,卵形,薄革质。顶生复伞状花序,花白色,高脚碟状,具芳香,花期冬季至早春。花谢后萼片宿存。

以扦插繁殖为主,于春、夏季节,选1年生充实粗壮嫩枝为插穗,以素砂为基质,扦插后保持床土湿润,20~30天生根。压条繁殖更易生根,且植株成形较快。生长季节10天左右施追肥1次,立秋后停止施肥。冬季置温室阳光充足处,只要保持所需温度,亦可开花。4月移出温室,修剪后翻盆换土,置于阴处,约30天后转入正常养护。

毛茉莉花朵洁白、馨香,香气尤如茉莉花,花期长,且于冬、春少花季节开放,宜盆栽室内装饰。

产地分布:原产印度。

形态特征:为常绿灌木。株高2—5m,茎直立或攀援。叶片卵形,对生,薄革质,茎叶具黄褐柔毛,复聚伞形花序,花白色,高脚蝶形,具芳香。

生长习性:喜温暖、阳光充足的环境,不耐寒,北方需在温室越冬要求深厚、肥沃、怕死会良好的土壤。

园林用途:毛茉莉冬、春节节开花,花期较长,花朵洁白,馨香,宜于室内盆栽。

繁殖培育:以扦插繁殖为主,多于初夏进行。立秋后停止施肥冬季置温室阳光充足处。每年4月进行换盆,并剪去枯枝。置于阴处,20~30天后可正常养护。
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